CBD implementation: England

Relevant Government Bodies

As there is no devolved government for England, responsibility for biodiversity conservation in England remains with the UK Government. Within the UK Government, the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) is the lead government department for the implementation of the CBD in England.

The following UK Government Arms-Length Public Bodies and Executive Agencies contribute to the implementation of the CBD in England:

Relevant Government Policies

In 2023, Defra published the Environmental Improvement Plan 2023. This plan builds on the 25 Year Environment Plan’s long-term vision and approach to protecting and enhancing the environment in England for the next generation. It covers many aspects of environmental management, including biodiversity conservation, and shows how the UK Government will work with landowners, communities, third sector organisations and businesses in England to improve the environment and restore nature. It also sets out interim targets to drive and ensure progress towards statutory environmental targets under the Environment Act 2021.
In addition to the Environmental Improvement Plan, Defra and the UK Government have also published a number of more specific strategies which also contribute to the implementation of the CBD in England. These include:


JNCC and Defra produce a set of UK and England indicators annually to measure the status of components of biodiversity and progress towards biodiversity goals and targets. In light of the agreement of the KM-GBF and its new global goals and targets, and the publication of the Environmental Improvement Plan in 2023, proposals for the development, modification and ongoing review of the UK Biodiversity Indicators are to be published by JNCC and Defra in 2024. The Outcome Indicator Framework is a comprehensive set of England scale indicators describing environmental change that relates to the 10 goals within the 25 Year Environment Plan/Environmental Improvement Plan.